Can I claim less than my RRSP contribution?

Yes, that is perfectly allowable.
Remember that you still need to report all the contributions you made. On the RRSP/PRPP page, you can tick check the box "Tick the box if you want to claim a less-than-allowable deduction" and put a number into the next box. 0 or empty means no deduction. Then next year, your unused contributions will appear in the 2nd box on this page - "Unused RRSP from previous years".

rrsp claim

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